Drug Dolution for Gastric Cancer - Medical / Health Care - Clinical Services
Gastric cancer is a disease in which cancer cells form in the lining of the stomach. Almost all gastric cancers are adenocarcinomas, a cancer that begins in glandular tissue. Gastric cancer is often in an advanced stage when it is diagnosed. At this stage, it can often be treated, but rarely cured.
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GASTRIC CANCER IS A SERIOUS DISEASE
Gastric cancer is the third most frequent cause of cancer mortality- The five-year survival rate in the US and Europe is only 2096. In this region 80-90 % of the gastric cancer patients in these countries are diagnosed at an advanced stage and/or have disease relapse within five years.
When diagnosed at a late stage, gastric cancer is typically un-resectable and/or metastatic
The incidence rate is higher in Asia, as exemplified by Japan where the incidence rate is five times that of the US and Europe.
rhe gastric cancer drug market is growing rapidly and is expected to exceed USD 4 billion by 2022 according to jlobalData. This growth is fuelled by several factors, including an increase in the overall incidence as well as increase in treatment rates and extended treatment duration.
IRINOTECANISAN ESTABLISHED AND EFFECTIVE CHEMOTHERAPY
The current first-line treatment of recurrent or advanced gastric cancer includes chemothera py, generally asa combination of two or three drugs. Chemotherapeutic drugs (cytotoxics] stopthe growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or bysto p pin g them from dividing.
There are several chemotherapeutic drugs on the market, and one well-established and effective molecule is irinotecan. It has a proven anti-tumor effect and is approved for combination use in several solid cancer indications.
In the US and Europe, irinotecan is currently mainly used for treating metastasized colorectal and pancreatic cancer. Although irinotecan is currently not approved for treating gastric cancer in the US and in the EU, there is off-label clinical use. It is also recognized in clinical guidelines (ESMO. ASCO. NCCN) in monotherapeutic or combination treatment regimens for advanced gastric cancer. In Japan, irinotecan is approved for the treatment of metastatic gastric cancer.
UNTAPPED OPPORTUNITIES FOR DAILY.ORAL FORMULATION OF IRINOTECAN
Today, irinotecan is only available as high-dose intravenous infusion. Ascelia Pharma sees a significant and unmet medical need for new patient-friendly treatments that improve the life expectancy and quality of life for patients with gastric cancer.
Oncoral is a daily irinotecan tablet with the potential to offer better patient outcomes with improved safety following the daily dosing at home compared to intravenous high-dose infusions at the hospital. Following successful Phase 1 results, Phase 2 clinical development for Oncoral is in preparation.