Metabolic Syndrome Research Program
We have an ongoing Phase 1 sub-study exploring whether Lomecel-B can improve the Metabolic Syndrome, and if the Metabolic Syndrome presents confounding issues for this treatment approach in Aging Frailty patients. This sub-study primarily focuses upon blood-based biomarker changes, and non-invasive evaluation of vascular (blood vessel) functioning.
The Metabolic Syndrome is a clinically-defined condition (ICD-10: code 277.7) that increases the chances of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It is also known as X syndrome, insulin resistance syndrome, cardiometabolic syndrome, and Reaven’s syndrome. The Metabolic Syndrome is defined as a cluster of risk factors for which at least three of the following five criteria must be met.
- Elevated serum triglycerides.
- Reduced high-density lipoprotein (good cholesterol).
- Elevated blood pressure.
- Elevated fasting glucose.
- Increased waist circumference (central or apple-shaped obesity).
The Metabolic Syndrome is associated with vascular dysfunction and damage, and a proinflammatory state marked by elevated serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and D-dimer. Obesity also directly contributes to this proinflammatory state and the Metabolic Syndrome.
The incidence of the Metabolic Syndrome has reached epidemic proportions and continues to increase, as the overall prevalence in the U.S. is approximately 35% of the total population aged 18 and older, or over 80 million people.
Lomecel-B may be a potential candidate for the Metabolic Syndrome through multiple potential mechanisms of action that include the potential to reduce associated inflammation and improve vascular function. Preclinical studies support the clinical benefits of allogeneic MSC therapy for treating the Metabolic Syndrome, which resulted in improvements in vascular function, atherosclerosis, and glucose homeostasis.